Painting is one of the most critical decoration projects for homeowners and renters. It can turn a dull space into a vibrant and ideal one. Before carrying on with a painting project, it is essential to know the paint type and not just select the color.
Knowing the kind of paint to use can be a vital factor in determining the paint’s longevity. Paint that comes off with water can be a problem when you try to clean your floors or walls. Some paints are not made for any cleaning, while some can resist strenuous scrubbing or rubbing.
Water is a universal solvent that causes paint to come off or peel on ceilings, bathroom walls, and other exterior and interior walls. Water can bore through the layers of paint, separate the coats of paint, and slowly erode them from the surface. Today, we’ll discuss the kinds of paint that come off with water application.
What Is Paint Made Of?
Paint is a pigmented liquid or a liquefiable or semi-solid composition that, after its application to a surface in thin coats, changes to a solid film. Paint is a mixture of four primary ingredients; pigments, solvents, resins, and additives. The pigment is the color, the solvent is a carrier that makes the paint all liquid, and it evaporates as the paint dries as well as making it easier for the paint to be applied. The additive serves specific roles like stain-blocking, filling, and anti-fungal or mold-killing properties.
Paints are primarily used to color, protect or provide texture to several surfaces. There are so many types of paints, and they come in varieties of colors. Paints are commonly stored, applied, and sold as a liquid, although most kinds dry into a solid film. Expensive paints have a lesser percentage of solvents per volume than the cheaper options.
The cheaper paints have up to 50% less pigment and resins. This means that most of the paint content is solvent, and if you apply it to your wall, it can leave bits of pigments behind. If this occurs, you would have to recoat the surface several times with cheap or low-quality paint before an adequate amount of tint can cover the color underneath.
It is possible to avoid this situation. If you check your paint with up to 45% pigments and resins per volume, it will significantly save your time and energy, and you will avoid wasting multiple coats of paint.
Types Of Paint
1) Water-based paint
Water-based paint is more or less the same as latex paint. Over the years, it has grown in popularity for home and other domestic uses. Water-based paints are fast drying, and they clean up easily with soap and water.
They are eco-friendly as they contribute fewer VOCs (volatile organic compounds) to the environment. Latex paints have excellent performance, and they are also known for their flexibility to withstand motion and their ability to resist moisture and mildew from getting into your homes. Water-based paints are available in multiple sheens and colors, and you can use them in almost any application in the house, from interior walls, woodwork, and trims to exterior surfaces.
2) Oil-based Paint
Oil-based paints are also known as alkyds. They are most commonly used in high-moisture areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, and other items subjected to heavy wear or prone to impact, like cabinets, floors, and trims. Oil-based paints are high-gloss paints with a longer drying time than water-based paints. They are more expensive than oil-based paints and can have a sharp odor when drying. Oil-based paints contain more VOCs (volatile organic compounds which make them less environmentally responsible. If you want to paint with alkyds, you should know that it requires a cleanup with a paint thinner or a chemical solvent mineral spirit.
Paint finishes or sheen refers to the amount of light the paint reflects. Simply put, that paint finish refers to how matte or shiny paint looks when it is dry. There are five major types of sheets, and they include;
1) Matte Paint
Matte paint is also known as flat paint. It is the typical paint for most walls because of its velvety texture and amount of sheen. This paint finish hides imperfections properly, and the surface it has been applied on creates a little glow. It is essential to know that the walls covered with this paint sheen can be challenging to wash off. It does not reflect light and can be easier to touch if distorted.
2) Eggshell Paint
Eggshell paint produces a relatively little glow since it has a small amount of sheen to hide imperfections. This paint sheen is durable and is also reasonably washable. It is the best choice for walls in commonly crowded areas like the living room or bathroom. It has a soft, smooth finish and adds more brightness to the living room, bedroom and hallways.
3) Satin Paint
Satin paint is quite similar to eggshell paint, but it is relatively glossy. It has a soft sheen and shines identical to that of a pearl. Satin paint sheen works well for indoor and outdoor use due to its resistance to fading and mildew. It is easier to clean than lower gloss paints but not as much as high goods sheen.
4) Semi-gloss Paint
Semi-gloss paint is not as shiny or alluring as high gloss paint, but it still reflects a lot of light. It gives surfaces a lustrous appearance, although it will reveal imperfections on the surface of covers. Semi-gloss paints are easy to clean, and they can resist moisture. They can be used to paint bathrooms, kitchens, laundry rooms, doors, trim, cabinets, and moldings.
5) High-Gloss Paint
High-gloss paint has the highest sheen, and it is commonly used on doors, trims, and cabinets because of its easy-to-wash surface and durability. This gloss sheen reflects a lot of light and makes detailed but small elements pop with color. It is the most stain-resistant and durable of all the paint finishes, and it is pretty easy to clean.
In What Condition Can Water Remove Paint?
Water can only remove or dissolve water-based paint. This can be quickly achieved by rubbing the paint with a little bit of pressure when cleaning or slowly cleaning when rain erodes the paint. When water-based or latex paint is exposed to rain or a direct water source, the water will deteriorate the latex paint over time.
The surfaces exposed to the rain are usually damaged as the paint starts to disintegrate or peel away. Water-based paints can be removed soon after application before it is fully cured. There could be scenarios where you can accidentally remove the paint when it is not fully dry.
Most paints can be removed with water within thirty days of application. It is important to note that the paints need to be appropriately set before hardening so it wouldn’t easily come off when cleaning. Some kinds of paint would not come off even with extreme water application and rubbing.
Can Water Remove Paint on Its Own?
Water is a universal solvent and hence can act on wet water-based paints and dilute fresh latex paint to result in distortion or removal. If you constantly add more water to a painted surface, you will increase the chances of removing it. Water can dilute water-based paints when you try to clean them vigorously or rub them.
Only light cleaning is needed for easy-to-wash-off paint. Water can hardly remove dry water-based paint. If the paint is properly dried, then water can’t remove it altogether. Few paints will come off but not entirely, before scratching off the painted surfaces like the wall and floors.
All paints that are significantly exposed to high humidity levels or water will start to peel in a couple of years. Most standard wall paint will not come off when cleaned with a damp sponge or cloth.
Types Of Paints That Are Removable with Water
There are three types of paints with the highest risk of removing with the application of water, and they include;
1) Acrylic Paint
This type of paint can be removed with water while it is wet. Acrylic paint is made from chemicals that harden into a firm impermeable surface. The dried acrylic paint cannot come off with water.
2) Latex Paint
Latex paint can easily be removed with water. It can come off by using a constant stream of water or by using a damp sponge or cloth several times until the paint comes off. Dry latex paint can often be removed with water alone. You can use a mixture of water and soap on a latex paint-covered surface that can’t be removed.
3) Matte or Flat Paint
Matte paint is non-resistant to mild cleaning efforts. It does not block stains and can come off using a damp cloth with vigorous cleaning.
Significant Reasons Why Your Wall Paint Is Peeling Off
- Paint peeling off due to water or a high humidity environment.
- Paint peeling due to condensation and moisture build-up.
- Paint peeling due to leakage in the bathroom.
- Paint peeling due to poor surface preparation.
- Paint peeling due to incompatible paint coats.